Osteoporosis is a condition whereby bones become brittle due to a lack of calcium. While you can aid the situation by taking a supplement like Algaecal osteoporosis supplements, it is important to know whether or not youâ€™re at risk of developing osteoporosis as a means to mitigate your risk. Weâ€™re going to take a look at some of the common risk factors associated with osteoporosis here and then outline some possible ways that you can implement preventative measures where possible.
To begin with, we need to outline that while osteoporosis can affect both men and women, women are at a greater risk of developing osteoporosis because they undergo a rapid decline in oestrogen levels as they go through menopause. As a result of this decrease in oestrogen, the bones begin to lose calcium and other minerals at a far greater rate than they would usually lose mineral and calcium. This results in a bone loss of around 2 per cent per year for years after the menopause period. For men, the loss of bone occurs as they age but because of the fact that they lose testosterone instead of oestrogen, the decline is slower and more gradual. No matter whether youâ€™re male or female, anyone over the age of 50 can benefit from a bone density scan.
Now letâ€™s take a look at the risk factors associated with osteoporosis.
Bone health can be hereditary, so be sure to consider whether your family has a history of osteoporosis. You can check with your family members to find out if anyone has been diagnosed with osteoporosis, whether theyâ€™ve broken a bone when just enduring a minor fall, or if anyone has rapidly lost height, as this can be an indicating factor for lowered bone density. Regular checks for people over 50 will be helpful, and keeping open communication about related medical history within the family will also help.
Your calcium and your vitamin D levels
If you have a low range of calcium intake youâ€™ll need to work on increasing it as part of your strategy for avoiding osteoporosis. Adults need around 1,000 mg per day in order to satisfy the calcium requirements – and for women over 50 and men over 70, this amount increases to 1,300 mg per day. To make sure that youâ€™re meeting your targets, it can be beneficial to ensure that youâ€™re taking a supplement and by following a calcium rich diet. To ensure that your vitamin D levels are at an optimal level, you need to make sure that youâ€™re getting enough sun or that youâ€™re following up your daily vitamin D dose with a vitamin D supplement. You can buy these sort of supplements at a chemist or health food store.
If you have a history of using certain types of medications, youâ€™ll find that they may have an impact on your bone health. For example, a high level of use of corticosteroids (drugs used in asthma medicines, and other rheumatoid arthritis medications) can impact on your bone health. Another medical condition that can impact on your bone health is having an overactive thyroid or having a parathyroid condition. If you think you might have some or any of these conditions, itâ€™s best to speak to your doctor.
A final set of circumstances that can influence your risk of osteoporosis is your lifestyle. If youâ€™re physically inactive, if you smoke or drink heavily and if youâ€™re over or underweight – these things can all impact on your risk of osteoporosis. Itâ€™s best to drink only in moderation, to eat moderately and to exercise if you wish to avoid osteoporosis.
To summarise, your family history, your medical history and your calcium levels can all impact on your osteoporosis risk, so be sure youâ€™re across all of these things in order to mitigate your risks.