Electricity is one of mankindâ€™s greatest inventions, facilitating the use of all the gadgets and equipments we need daily. But it was the invention of the battery which stored energy that brought the portability advantage. Imagine a world without batteries, with cables all around us, mobile phone and computers constantly plugged in, people constricted to working in a certain area, facing the danger of losing important unsaved information.
The Voltaic Pile
Luckily, a genius physician understood the importance of the battery, offering mankind a real chance for development. It was Italian physicist Alessandro Volta in the 1800s. After working with Luigi Galvani and experiencing some kind of professional disagreements, Volta invented the voltaic pile, an early electric battery, which produced a steady electric current. Proudly, announcing his discovery of his voltaic pile, Volta mentioned the influences of William Nicholson, Tiberius Cavallo and Abraham Bennet in his line of work. To honor him, Napoleon Bonaparte made him a count in 1801 and also his image along with a sketch of his voltaic pile was placed on the Italian 10,000 lira note, which is no longer in circulation.
But letâ€™s get back to Voltaâ€™s battery, which is considered to be the first electrochemical cell. His voltaic pile was literally that: a vertical stack with alternating copper discs, saline soaked paper and zinc discs. Each end had a metal wire attached between which low intensity continuous electricity was produced.
Alessandro Volta’s contribution in the electricity field was crucial because it gave scientists a solid foundation for further research and discoveries, such as the discovery of the magnetic effect of electric current in 1820 by Oersted.
Then there was the alkaline battery, invented by Canadian engineer Lewis Urry in 1955, which is probably the most common battery. Today we use it for many household items such as appliances, radios, stereos, watches, toys, remote controls and many more.
Due to the chemical properties of lithium, scientists thought it can be used as an important element in developing a more advanced battery. And they were right. Around 1970, history witnessed the invention of the lithium batteries, which are used today in mobile phones or laptops.
It was in the 1980s when this technology improved. The Japanese built the first lithium-ion prototype battery, a more stable version of the lithium. This version has been marketed ever since 1991. But things were going to advance even further. In 1997 the first light lithium-ion polymer battery was achieved, with a higher density in energy than the conventional lithium-ion batteries and it also doesnâ€™t require embedding a metal casing.
Depending on what they are used for, a certain type of battery proves to be the best choice for a certain idem. Cheep and safe, but with lower capabilities, alkaline batteries work just fine for basic household appliances. Lithium-ion batteries perform well when used for mobile phones. Due to the fact that they are very light, powerful and long lasting, lithium-polymer batteries are the perfect choice for electronic cigarettes and you can find out more about this subject by going to bluaccessories.com . You just have to do a little research and find out which one goes where.